|ONLINE ONLY ARTICLES - CASE REPORT
|Year : 2022 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 149
Adult-Onset linear verrucous epidermal nevus in an Indian male
UK Sudhir Nayak1, Shrutakirthi D Shenoi2, Rupika Singh1, Kanthilatha Pai3
1 Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal; Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Kanachur Institute of Medical Sciences, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Pathology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India
|Date of Submission||16-Dec-2020|
|Date of Decision||12-Feb-2021|
|Date of Acceptance||07-May-2021|
|Date of Web Publication||26-Aug-2022|
U K Sudhir Nayak
Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal - 576 104
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Verrucous epidermal nevus is the most common form of epidermal nevi with usual onset at birth or early life. Adult onset is rare, and we report a case of verrucous epidermal nevi with onset in the fourth decade, dermatoscopy and histopathology of which were consistent with verrucous epidermal nevi.
Keywords: Adult onset, dermatoscopy, verrucous epidermal nevus
|How to cite this article:|
Sudhir Nayak U K, Shenoi SD, Singh R, Pai K. Adult-Onset linear verrucous epidermal nevus in an Indian male. Clin Dermatol Rev 2022;6:149
| Introduction|| |
Verrucous epidermal nevus is one among the most common of all keratinocytic nevi and is often present at birth. Occasionally, onset may be seen in early childhood or rarely adolescence. Onset in adults is extremely rare. Epidermal verrucous nevi start as pinkish or slightly pigmented raised lesions, which tend to become darker and warty with increasing age. Adult onset of verrucous epidermal nevus is relatively rare and hardly reported.
| Case Report|| |
A 34-year-old male presented with an asymptomatic verrucous lesion over the right side of the neck of 4 years duration. Lesion started as erythematous lesion which gradually progressed to become verrucous. There was no history suggestive of trauma, discharge, trauma, or similar lesions elsewhere. The patient was certain of the duration of lesion and the absence of any lesion at birth or childhood over the affected area. Examination showed a 6 cm × 5 cm hyperpigmented verrucous plaque on the right side of the neck [Figure 1]. Cutaneous examination was otherwise unremarkable. Dermatoscopy was done which showed gyri and sulci with comedones and milia.
Biopsy for histopathology showed hyperkeratosis, moderate acanthosis, papillomatosis, with intervening invaginations showing laminated hyperkeratosis, mild increase in melanin pigment in the basal layer, and perivascular chronic inflammatory infiltrate [Figure 2] and [Figure 3]. A final diagnosis of late-onset linear epidermal verrucous nevus was made.
|Figure 2: Acanthosis, papillomatosis with intervening hyperkeratosis (H and E, ×40)|
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| Discussion|| |
Verrucous epidermal nevi often present at birth, although onset may be seen in early childhood. Late onset of development is relatively rare and hardly reported. Verrucous epidermal nevi start as pinkish or slightly pigmented raised lesions, which tend to become darker and warty with increasing age. Dermatoscopy tends to show the presence of comedone-like openings and milia-like cysts which were seen in our patient. The oldest case of verrucous epidermal nevus had onset at the age of 61. The other oldest age at onset was reported at 55 years. In the Asian continent, onset at the age of 33 has been reported in a Korean female. Late onset at the age of 20 along with facial hemihypertrophy and hypertrichosis has been reported in an Indian patient. In our patient, the age of onset was reported at 30 years. Topical tretinoin and 5-fluorouracil have been tried in the management of epidermal verrucous nevus. Surgical modalities are often the preferred line of management as the response to medical line of management is often unsatisfactory. The surgical modalities that have been used include dermabrasion, electrocautery, radiofrequency ablation, cryosurgery, and LASERs. Recurrence postprocedure is common. Surgical excision with grafting is considered the definitive treatment.
Our patient was different in that the onset of presentation was in the fourth decade of life. Hence, it is prudent to consider the possibility of epidermal nevus in the differential diagnosis of linear late-onset lesions and confirm the same by histopathological examination.
Declaration of patient consent
The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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[Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3]