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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 12-16

Granulomatous cheilitis: Report of three cases and systematic review of cases and case series reported from India

Department of Dermatology, Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College and Hospital, DPU, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Shivanti Chauhan
172, New Mohan Puri, Meerut - 250 001, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/CDR.CDR_29_18

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Introduction: Granulomatous cheilitis (GC) is a rare idiopathic inflammatory disorder characterized by chronic persistent swelling of the lips. Despite a lingering controversy, it remains linked to orofacial granulomatosis and Melkersson–Rosenthal syndrome (MRS). Aim: To systematically review all cases of GC reported hereto from India with the three being reported now, analyzing patients'/disease characteristics, associated diseases, and treatment protocol. Materials and Methods: Using biomedical search engines such as PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar, a systemic review of cases/case series reported from India (1994–2018) was undertaken, and data on patients'/disease characteristics, association with other diseases, and treatment extracted discussed and analyzed without subjecting to statistical analysis due to the small population size. Results: The mean age at presentation of these cases (n, 73: Single, 39: Participants of 6 series, 31 plus presently reported, 3) was 29.36 years and at onset was 26.62 years. There was female preponderance of 1.8. Complete triad of MRS was recorded in 8 (10.95%), and oligosymptomatic forms were as follows: GC + facial palsy, 5 (6.85%); GC + fissured tongue, 4 (5.48%); and facial palsy + fissured tongue, 1 (1.37%). Monosymptomatic GC was seen in 55 (75.34%) and upper lip involvement in 29 (39.72%). Conditions associated with GC included Down syndrome, rosacea, granulomatous vulvitis, and pregnancy. None of the cases were associated with Crohn disease and sarcoidosis. Intralesional triamcinolone acetonide (33, 45.21%) was the most common modality of treatment. Conclusion: Cases of GC from India over the past quarter of a century were reported rarely and showed female preponderance. This chronically recurrent entity with variable severity lacks larger studies and randomized controlled trials for optimum treatment.

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