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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 121-125

Comparative study of safety and efficacy of oral betamethasone pulse therapy and azathioprine in vitiligo

Department of Dermatology, S. Nijalingappa Medical College, Bagalkote, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Mahajabeen Madarkar
Department of Dermatology, S. Nijalingappa Medical College, Bagalkote, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/CDR.CDR_13_18

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Background: Vitiligo is a common skin disorder causing depigmented macules that can impair a patient's quality of life. There are number of treatment modalities are available but at the present, there are no studies compairing betamethasone pulse therapy versus azathioprine daily therapy in treatment of vitiligo. Objectives: To compare the safety and efficacy of Azathioprine daily and Betamethasone pulse therapy in the treatment of in vitiligo. Materials and Methods: We included two vitiligo patient groups. namely group A and group B Patients of group A were given oral Azathioprine to be given 50mg twice daily and those of second group B, Betamethasone were given as a single oral dose of 5 mg on two consecutive days per week. Therapy in both groups was given for a total of 6months with follow up at 1, 3 and 6th month. Clinical photographs were taken at each visit. Side-effects if any were noted. Results were calculated with help of VASI score (vitiligo area severity index). Results: At the baseline: The patients to group A (SD 3.81± 2.3) and of group B (SD 3.76± 2.28) were having depigmented patches (P = 0.90). At the first follow up: Although there was significant improvement with perifollicular repigmentation started in both groups but the patients are of group B (SD 3.38±2.06) were showing slower response as compared to oral group A (SD 3.70± 2.28). At the second follow up: Remarkable improvement is seen in both groups compared (P = 0.17). At the third follow up: Significant improvement is seen in both groups compared (P = 0.09). Conclusions: Azathioprine and betamethasone pulse therapy are equally effective in treatment of vitiligo.

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